⇒ The term ‘motion’ in its wide sense means any proposal made for the purpose of eliciting a decision of the House. ⇒ In short, every discussion in the Parliament of importance/public interest has to be started with the help of motion.
PROCEDURE OF ANY MOTION
⇒ Any member of the house, asks for a motion to be passed which can’t be started in that house without the prior permission of the presiding officer of the House.
⇒ Once accepted by the house, the mover of the motion gives a speech on it, after which the house can either accept that motion in totality or with amendments or it may reject it altogether.
⇒ If the other members want the motion to be passed in a different form may move amendments after the original motion has been proposed by the Speaker.
SOME EXTRA RULES FOR THE MOTION
According to Rule 342 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha, every motion In the parliament will after its start will be followed by the speech of the mover & later be followed by discussion on it & no further question shall be put at the conclusion of the debate at the appointed hour unless a member moves a substantive motion in substitution of the original motion in appropriate terms to be approved by the Speaker and vote of the House shall be taken on such motion.
PRINCIPLE CATEGORIES OF MOTION
Motions can be classified into three types:
1. Subtantive Motions
2. Substitute Motions
3. Subsidiary Motions
1. SUBTANTIVE MOTIONS
⇒ It is self-contained, independent proposal submitted for the approval of the House and drafted in such a way as to be capable of expressing a decision of the House.
⇒ In short, every resolution is a substantive motion
⇒ They are totally separate & concerns a new topic & hence are called substantive motions.
⇒ It can be said that these are the “MAIN” topics.
2. SUBSTITUTE MOTIONS
⇒ The word suggests that it means a substitute of something & here it means substitute for the main motion i.e. substitute for the Substantive Motion.
⇒ It is generally passed as a substitute to the original motion & acts as an alternative to it.
⇒ If accepted, it supersedes the original motion.
⇒ The process till now – A member asks for a motion to be passed i.e. a substantive motion. Mover gives the speech on it. After the speech discussion is held on the said motion. Before commencement of the discussion any member can ask for passage of the substitute motion for the original motion. If given permission, it is discussed along with the original motion.
⇒ Generally, substitute motions act as amendments to the original motion but amendments to the substitute motion are not given permission.
3. SUBSIDIARY MOTION
⇒ They carry no meaning, but are dependent on the original motion or proceedings of the house.
⇒ In short, they can be said as follow-ups of the previous proceeding of the house or follow-up of the original motion.